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West Plains Subarea Transportation Management Plan – Final Outcomes / Practical Solutions

Final Outcomes / Practical Solutions

The West Plains Subarea Transportation Management Plan, Phase 1, US 2 Vicinity study builds upon numerous past studies to develop multimodal practical solutions for mitigating consistently increasing land use growth in the West Plains in the vicinity of US 2. The study purpose, process, and outcomes are summarized in the West Plains Subarea Transportation Management Plan, Phase 1, US 2 Vicinity Executive Summary Document (PDF 26 MB). The following presents the study’s final outcomes in the form of multimodal strategies and traffic circulation plan.

Multimodal Strategies

The resulting list of multimodal practical solutions strategies were collaboratively developed during a Practical Solutions Lab / Workshop. These strategies aim to provide practical solutions to address existing and future congestion and improve quality of life, and are presented in the following sections of this page and available as a downloadable list at the link below:
Categorized List of Multimodal Practical Solutions Strategies Prioritized by Percentage of Effectiveness (PDF 184 KB)

As described on the Practical Solution Workshop / Lab page, the developed strategies are grouped into seven categories. Selecting a category in the following list will take you to its definition and list of strategies, which includes agencies and/or jurisdictions that have the lead responsibility in implementing each strategy. Strategies are listed in the order of their calculated percent of effectiveness, as evaluated by the project’s Technical Advisory Team (TAT).

Safety feature at an intersection in West Plains.

Safety

Strategies aimed at reducing fatal and serious injury crashes for all modes.

Percent of Effectiveness RankPractical Solution StrategyStrategy Efforts Led or Provided By
1Add accessible multi-modal facilities with scale lightingFor shared use paths within City limits: City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane. Areas associated along US 2: WSDOT/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane. Areas outside city boundaries: Spokane County/WSDOT and Others
2Deploy roundabout training and instructional materials to employees and residents within the study area along with driver information (e.g. VMS sign)WSDOT/Department of Licensing/Driver Education Schools
3In regards to development, adhere to access management strategies that encourage right in-right out turn restrictions, use of channelization strategies and delineated access pointsWSDOT/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/SRTC
4Partner with major traffic generators in providing driver education to address risky behaviorSTA/S3R3 PDA/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County/SRHD/Department of Licensing/Driver Education Schools
NOTE: ALL intersection designs will require a traffic study for approval and ALL emerging strategies have to be evaluated for prioritization within respective jurisdictions including WSDOT prioritization to compete for State, Regional and Local Funding.

Safety | Freight | Environmental | Equity | Active Transportation | Public Transportation
Transportation Management Systems Operations (TSMO) | Traffic Operations | Land Use
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Freight

Strategies to facilitate the movement of goods through the study area.

Percent of Effectiveness RankPractical Solution StrategyStrategy Efforts Led or Provided By
1Develop the 18th/21st Ave corridor in a manner that attracts increased freight mobility
*** Amended after the Technical Advisory Team Meeting 7/21/21, based on member collaborated comments.
City of Airway Height/City of Spokane/Spokane County/S3R3 PDA
2Ensure intersection control measures along US 2 and 18th/21st are designed to provide for freight mobilityCity of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/S3R3 PDA
3Provide a roundabout at Craig Road/Thorpe Road intersectionSpokane County/City of Airway Heights
NOTE: ALL intersection designs will require a traffic study for approval and ALL emerging strategies have to be evaluated for prioritization within respective jurisdictions including WSDOT prioritization to compete for State, Regional and Local Funding.

Safety | Freight | Environmental | Equity | Active Transportation | Public Transportation
Transportation Management Systems Operations (TSMO) | Traffic Operations | Land Use
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Strategies aimed to address environmental concerns.

Environmental

Strategies aimed to address environmental concerns.

Percent of Effectiveness RankPractical Solution StrategyStrategy Efforts Led or Provided By
1“Consider” fencing along US 2 east of Spotted RD to I-90 vicinity to divert wildlifeWSDOT/City of Spokane
2Ensure stormwater treatment areas are designed in a manner that does not attract fowl and negatively affect aviationWSDOT/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County
NOTE: ALL intersection designs will require a traffic study for approval and ALL emerging strategies have to be evaluated for prioritization within respective jurisdictions including WSDOT prioritization to compete for State, Regional and Local Funding.

Safety | Freight | Environmental | Equity | Active Transportation | Public Transportation
Transportation Management Systems Operations (TSMO) | Traffic Operations | Land Use
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Equity

Strategies to improve the quality of life for all and facilitate inclusive engagement throughout all phases of strategy development, ensuring emerging strategies do not disproportionately impact overburdened communities and vulnerable populations.

Percent of Effectiveness RankPractical Solution StrategyStrategy Efforts Led or Provided By
1Pursue broadband opportunities along the corridor to ensure equitable access for disadvantaged populationsCity of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/WSDOT/S3R3 PDA
2Install electric vehicle charging stations along and/or in the immediate vicinity of US 2City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/S3R3 PDA
NOTE: ALL intersection designs will require a traffic study for approval and ALL emerging strategies have to be evaluated for prioritization within respective jurisdictions including WSDOT prioritization to compete for State, Regional and Local Funding.

In March of 2022, The City of Airway Heights was awarded a $50,000 Washington State Community Economic Revitalization Board (CERB) planning grant for the City’s Comprehensive Broadband Infrastructure Planning study. This project will study the area’s current broadband infrastructure and future telecommunications needs. CERB funds were matched by $12,500 in local resources.

Safety | Freight | Environmental | Equity | Active Transportation | Public Transportation
Transportation Management Systems Operations (TSMO) | Traffic Operations | Land Use
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Active Transportation

Strategies that encourage and support increased active transportation travel by improving access, connectivity, and comfort for bicyclists and pedestrians.

Percent of Effectiveness RankPractical Solution StrategyStrategy Efforts Led or Provided By
1Ensure all pedestrian facilities along US 2 are ADA compliant – on US 2City of Airway Heights/WSDOT/City of Spokane
2Provide lighting on US 2 along multi-use paths/sidewalks/trails in high pedestrian crash areas, as presented in the crash analysisFor shared use paths within City limits: City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane. Areas associated along US 2: WSDOT/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane. Areas outside city boundaries: Spokane County/WSDOT and Others
3Connect missing sidewalks/trails to provide a complete Safe Routes to School pathCity of Airway Heights/Cheney School District/Land Developer
4City of Airway Heights, Develop and/or update an ADA transition plan for the study areaCity of Airway Heights
5Pedestrian crossings on US 2 need to be located where significant pedestrian crossings are expected (an engineering study will be required for siting specific crossings outside of intersections)City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Land Developer, with WSDOT concurrence
6Evaluate and provide enhanced crossings where needed along US 2 ; from Craig Rd to Hayford RdCity of Airway Heights/WSDOT/Land Developer
7Provide multi-use path down alley of 13th Ave (north of US2 alleyway) between Craig Rd and Russell St to provide for a multi-modal corridor primarily designed for active transportationCity of Airway Heights
8Minimize pedestrian crossing distance and/or provide center refuge on US 2City of Airway Heights/WSDOT/City of Spokane/Land Developer
9Identify opportunities to provide maximized pedestrian crossings for access to destinations in the vicinity of US 2City of Airway Heights/WSDOT/City of Spokane/Land Developer
10Repurpose the public owned right-of-way (behind back of sidewalk) to provide for active transportation facilities and designated parking zones (13th/14th Ave) within the City of Airway HeightsWSDOT/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane
11Prioritize pedestrian movements on US 2 for intersection design and control for signalsWSDOT/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane
12Provide enhanced pedestrian crossings on US 2 (e.g. signs, rapid flashers, HAWK signal, etc.) Engineering study will be required.City of Airway Heights/WSDOT/City of Spokane/Land Developer
13Provide eastbound and westbound bicycle facilities on US 2 within the roadway prism in alignment with the City of Airway Heights Downtown Plan – [ Provide roadway bike path on both sides of US from Craig Rd to Russell St – Provide Provide separated multi-use paths on both sides of US 2 from Mitchell St to Sunset Frontage Road]City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County; with WSDOT concurrence
14Reduce future lane widths to provide a maximum of 11 feet, in coordination with other complete street strategies along US 2WSDOT/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane
15Plan and develop a level 1 (crossing for all ages; 8 to 80) grade separated crossing at King St/US 2 (or other identified crossing route) to align with the City of Airway Heights downtown plan and Safe Routes to SchoolS3R3 PDA/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County/Cheney School District; with WSDOT concurrence
NOTE: ALL intersection designs will require a traffic study for approval and ALL emerging strategies have to be evaluated for prioritization within respective jurisdictions including WSDOT prioritization to compete for State, Regional and Local Funding.

Safety | Freight | Environmental | Equity | Active Transportation | Public Transportation
Transportation Management Systems Operations (TSMO) | Traffic Operations | Land Use
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Public Transportation

Strategies that encourage and support increased active transportation travel by improving access, connectivity, and comfort for bicyclists and pedestrians.

Percent of Effectiveness RankPractical Solution StrategyStrategy Efforts Led or Provided By
1Ensure bus stops are aligned with most frequented activities/destinationsSpokane Transit Authority (STA)/City of Airway Heights/WSDOT/City of Spokane
2Support increased transit use by creating more pedestrian friendly environment (safe crossings, first and last mile connections, attractiveness and accessibility) and dense corridor place makingSTA/City of Airway Heights/WSDOT/City of Spokane
3Pursue High Performance Transit along US 2STA/WSDOT
4Evaluate the provision of business access and transit lanes (BAT) for transit serviceSTA/City of Airway Heights/WSDOT/City of Spokane
5Optimize fixed-route transit service increasing frequency and shortening travel timeSTA with WSDOT concurrence
6Develop the US 2, 6th/10th/12th and/or 18th/21st alignments in a manner that supports for long-term bus rapid transit (BRT)STA/City of Airway Heights/WSDOT/City of Spokane/Spokane County
7Pursue Tribal Transit Services to connect into Spokane Area
(outside of service hours, currently not served by STA. STA service is: Monday-Saturday: 5:30 am to 11:30 pm / Sundays and Holidays service 8:00 am to 8:00 pm)
STA/Kalispel Tribe/Spokane Tribe/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane
8ITS Plan – Provide communication in real-time for transit signal priority, transit stations and stopsWSDOT/STA/S3R3 PDA/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County/SIA
9Encourage and focus CTR strategy efforts for largest employersS3R3 PDA/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County/Spokane Regional Health District (SRHD)
10Form a transportation management association to support major employers with enhancing CTR (including employer bus passes) See example: https://www.whatcomsmarttrips.org/S3R3 PDA/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County/SRHD
11Partner with Commute Smart NW in development of subarea CTR ProgramS3R3 PDA/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County/SRHD
12Encourage employers to use staggered shift start/stop times to manage traffic demand (seize opportunities to implement this policy during developer SEPA reviews, and comprehensive planning efforts)STA/S3R3 PDA/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County/SRHD
13Add future connection to Route 61 (6th Ave to Craig Rd), and Change Route 63 to travel north on Hayford Rd to 10th Ave then back to US 2 (no detour to airport and Geiger)STA/S3R3 PDA/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County/Spokane International Airport (SIA)
14Coordinate with Amazon to develop a sustainable plan that will increase their CTR program, encourage travel demand management (TDM), and provide Universal Transit Access Pass Program (UTAP)STA/S3R3 PDA/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County/SRHD
15Provide first and last mile connection opportunities using scooters and bikes (e.g.. Lime or similar)STA/S3R3 PDA/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County/SRHD
16Coordinate with employers and others to market and support vanpool/paratransit serviceSTA/S3R3 PDA/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County/SIA/SRHD
17Provide a 24/7 transit optionSTA/S3R3 PDA/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County/SRHD
18Encourage employers to provide showers, bicycle storage at work sites (seize opportunities to implement this policy during developer SEPA reviews, and comprehensive planning efforts)STA/S3R3 PDA/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County/SRHD
NOTE: ALL intersection designs will require a traffic study for approval and ALL emerging strategies have to be evaluated for prioritization within respective jurisdictions including WSDOT prioritization to compete for State, Regional and Local Funding.

Safety | Freight | Environmental | Equity | Active Transportation | Public Transportation
Transportation Management Systems Operations (TSMO) | Traffic Operations | Land Use
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Transportation Management Systems Operations (TSMO)

Strategies aimed at more efficiently managing how travelers use the corridor. To learn more about TSMO strategies, please visit WSDOT’s TSMO website.

The following video provides an overview of TSMO:

Percent of Effectiveness RankPractical Solution StrategyStrategy Efforts Led or Provided By
1Pursue real-time messaging signs that provide traveler information such as travel times along US 2 versus parallel arterials such as; 6th/10th/12th and 18th/21st (fiber installation required)City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/WSDOT
2Update the ITS Plan to provide: Real-time communications for traffic monitoring, travel information, volumes, speeds, traffic control monitoring, transit signal priority, communication for transit and Fairchild Air Force Base. Also include cameras at Craig, Lawson and Flint, variable message signs, volume counters, and four miles of fiber trunk (subject to change)WSDOT
3Continue periodic speed management studies on US 2 to determine if the speeds match the current change of built environment of the area (e.g., have land uses and traffic volumes increased such that existing speeds need to be reconsidered) and to identify future speed adjustments to account for the roundaboutsWSDOT/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane
4Explore opportunity to build a micro mobility hub within the study area, by converting existing park-n-ride lots, intermodal hubs or creating a new space (e.g. Eastgate Mobility Hub Visions 2025 (PDF 4.7MB) produced by King County Metro and the City of Bellevue, WA and San Diego Forward‘s mobility hubs)STA/S3R3 PDA/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County
5Explore new and emerging technologies that can collect safety analytics and identify countermeasures on US 2City of Airway Heights/WSDOT/City of Spokane
6Apply for the Green transportation capital grant program during the 2023-2025 biennium to fund electric charging stations along or near US 2STA/S3R3 PDA/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County
7Continue to support demonstration projects to explore innovative practical strategies including active transportation strategies, such as the “Smart Growth America – Complete Streets Leadership Academy”WSDOT/STA/S3R3 PDA/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County/SIA/SRHD
NOTE: ALL intersection designs will require a traffic study for approval and ALL emerging strategies have to be evaluated for prioritization within respective jurisdictions including WSDOT prioritization to compete for State, Regional and Local Funding.

Safety | Freight | Environmental | Equity | Active Transportation | Public Transportation
Transportation Management Systems Operations (TSMO) | Traffic Operations | Land Use
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Traffic Operations

Strategies to improve the flow of traffic, particularly through intersections.

Percent of Effectiveness RankPractical Solution StrategyStrategy Efforts Led or Provided By
1Provide and Support Alternative Routes specifically; 6th/10th/12th and 18th/21st planned roadsCity of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County/WSDOT
2Develop the US 2 roadway context in a manner that supports a lower speed limit 35 mph to 30 mph (City of Airway Heights, Lundstrom to Lawson)WSDOT/City of Airway Heights
3Improve Deno Rd (realign/pave) and secure commitment from Fairchild Air Force Base to encourage personnel to use as an alternative routeCity of Airway Heights/Fairchild Air Force Base (FAFB)
4Advance the West Plains Subarea Transportation Management Plan, Phase 1, US 2 Vicinity, Traffic Circulation PlanWSDOT/SRTC/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County
5Pursue replacing signal with roundabout (e.g. Flint Road)WSDOT/City of Spokane
6*Channelize the US 2 corridor per the West Plains Subarea Transportation Management Plan, Phase 1, US 2 Vicinity Traffic Circulation Plan to restrict outbound left turn movementsWSDOT/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/SRTC
7*Install ramp meter at US 2 / I-90 eastbound on ramp (already in design)WSDOT
* = Amended – Moved from “Land Use” category, into correct category “Traffic Operations” in order of percent of effectiveness, after Technical Advisory Team Meeting 7/21/21
NOTE: ALL intersection designs will require a traffic study for approval and ALL emerging strategies have to be evaluated for prioritization within respective jurisdictions including WSDOT prioritization to compete for State, Regional and Local Funding.

Safety | Freight | Environmental | Equity | Active Transportation | Public Transportation
Transportation Management Systems Operations (TSMO) | Traffic Operations | Land Use
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Land Use

Strategies to promote a more balanced mix of land uses that facilitates shorter trips, use of transit and active transportation, and efficient use of the transportation system.

Percent of Effectiveness RankPractical Solution StrategyStrategy Efforts Led or Provided By
1Ensure development projects provide pedestrian connectivity along US 2City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Spokane County/ with WSDOT Concurrence
2Partner with broadband providers for both greater connectivity and ITS and CAT possibilitiesWSDOT/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane
3Consider mixed income transit-orientated development within the City of Airway HeightsSTA/City of Airway Heights
4Provide land use zoning that would generate high land use density along US 2 within Airway Heights downtownCity of Airway Heights
5Facilitate proposed “Complete street” improvements within the Airway Heights downtownWSDOT/City of Airway Heights
6Additional growth in population and employment could be planned with an objective of balancing employment growth with development of housing that is affordable and attractive to people earning the wage levels anticipated in the new employment opportunities.Spokane Regional Transportation Council (SRTC)/City of Airway Heights/City of Spokane/Kalispel Tribe/Spokane Tribe
7Support zoning and land use efforts that will enable or promote Transportation Management Systems Operations (TSMO) strategiesCity of Airway Heights/S3R 3PDA/City of Spokane/WSDOT
8Continue coordination with FAFB to mitigate delay at Mitchell St/US 2 by exploring strategies to address storage off of US 2WSDOT/Fairchild Air Force Base (FAFB)
NOTE: ALL intersection designs will require a traffic study for approval and ALL emerging strategies have to be evaluated for prioritization within respective jurisdictions including WSDOT prioritization to compete for State, Regional and Local Funding.

Safety | Freight | Environmental | Equity | Active Transportation | Public Transportation
Transportation Management Systems Operations (TSMO) | Traffic Operations | Land Use
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Traffic Circulation Plan

A traffic circulation plan was developed to provide more detail regarding the traffic circulation practical solution strategies. The traffic circulation plan looks at the area in and around US 2 for intersection control along the corridor, including restricting all minor intersections along the corridor from Fairview Heights Road to Sunset Frontage Road to right-in / right-out; however, left turns off of US 2 onto the side streets will be allowed. There is one exception at King Street and US 2 where no left turns from US 2 will be allowed, as this intersection is planned to provide enhanced pedestrian crossings. Ultimately, a level one active transportation crossing is proposed for consideration to accommodate non-motorized travelers ages eight to eighty years old. The plan also includes the 6th/10th/12th and 18th/21st Avenues planned parallel corridors.

A table of intersection strategies is available via the following document:
Traffic Circulation Plan, List of Strategies (PDF 139 KB)

A map of the traffic circulation plan is available in high-resolution and reduced file formats via the following links:
Traffic Circulation Plan – high resolution (PDF 38 MB)
Traffic Circulation Plan – reduced file size (PDF 6 MB)